SREE PLC started operating in Pharmaceuticals.

SREE PLC started operating in pharmacies (Pharma in retail) & also Pharma wholesale trading.

Pharmaceutics is the discipline of pharmacy that deals with the process of turning a new chemical entity (NCE) or old drugs into a medication to be used safely and effectively by patients. It is also called the science of dosage form design. There are many chemicals with pharmacological properties, but need special measures to help them achieve therapeutically relevant amounts at their sites of action. Pharmaceutics helps relate the formulation of drugs to their delivery and disposition in the body. Pharmaceutics deals with the formulation of a pure drug substance into a dosage form.

Medicines:

A medication (also referred to as medicine, pharmaceutical drug, or simply drug) is a drug used to diagnose, cure, treat, or prevent disease. Drug therapy (pharmacotherapy) is an important part of the medical field and relies on the science of pharmacology for continual advancement and on pharmacy for appropriate management.

Drugs are classified in multiple ways. One of the key divisions is by level of control, which distinguishes prescription drugs (those that a pharmacist dispenses only on the order of a physician, physician assistant, or qualified nurse) from over-the-counter drugs (those that consumers can order for themselves). Another key distinction is between traditional small-molecule drugs, usually derived from chemical synthesis, and biopharmaceuticals, which include recombinant proteins, vaccines, blood products used therapeutically (such as IVIG), gene therapy, monoclonal antibodies and cell therapy (for instance, stem-cell therapies). Other ways to classify medicines are by mode of action, route of administration, biological system affected, or therapeutic effects. An elaborate and widely used classification system is the Anatomical Therapeutic Chemical Classification System (ATC system). The World Health Organization keeps a list of essential medicines.

Drug discovery and drug development are complex and expensive endeavors undertaken by pharmaceutical companies, academic scientists, and governments. As a result of this complex path from discovery to commercialization, partnering has become a standard practice for advancing drug candidates through development pipelines. Governments generally regulate what drugs can be marketed, how drugs are marketed, and in some jurisdictions, drug pricing. Controversies have arisen over drug pricing and disposal of used drugs.

Medicines by Type:

1

Antipyretics

Reducing fever (pyrexia/pyresis)

2

Analgesics

Reducing pain (painkillers)

3

Antimalarial drugs

Treating malaria

4

Antibiotics

Inhibiting germ growth

5

Antiseptics

Prevention of germ growth near burns, cuts and wounds

6

Mood stabilizers

Lithium and valpromide

7

Hormone replacements

Premarin

8

Oral contraceptives

Enovid, “biphasic” pill, and “triphasic” pill

9

Stimulants

Methylphenidate, amphetamine

10

Tranquilizers

Meprobamate, chlorpromazine, reserpine, chlordiazepoxide, diazepam, and alprazolam

11

Statins

Lovastatin, pravastatin, and simvastatin

 

Medicines by Organ:

S No

Organ

Area

Type

1

Allergic disorders

 

Anti-allergics, antihistamines, NSAIDs, Corticosteroids

2

Cardiovascular system

General:

β-receptor blockers (“beta blockers”), calcium channel blockers, diuretics, cardiac glycosides,
antiarrhythmics, nitrate, antianginals, vasoconstrictors, vasodilators.

Affecting blood pressure/
(antihypertensive drugs)

ACE inhibitors, angiotensin receptor blockers, beta-blockers, α blockers, calcium channel blockers,
thiazide diuretics, loop diuretics, aldosterone inhibitors

Coagulation

Anticoagulants, heparin, antiplatelet drugs, fibrinolytics, anti-hemophilic factors, haemostatic drugs

HMG-CoA reductase inhibitors (statins)
for lowering LDL cholesterol inhibitors

hypolipidaemic agents.

3

Central nervous system

Drugs affecting the CNS
include

Psychedelics, hypnotics, anaesthetics, antipsychotics, eugeroics,
antidepressants (including tricyclic antidepressants, monoamine oxidase inhibitors, lithium salts,
and selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors (SSRIs)), antiemetics, Anticonvulsants/antiepileptics,
anxiolytics, barbiturates, movement disorder (e.g., Parkinson’s disease) drugs,
stimulants (including amphetamines), benzodiazepines, cyclopyrrolones, dopamine antagonists,
antihistamines, cholinergics, anticholinergics, emetics, cannabinoids, and 5-HT (serotonin) antagonists.

4

Consciousness

See also: Anesthetic

Benzodiazepines and Barbiturates.

5

Contraception

Hormonal contraception

 

Ormeloxifene

 

Spermicide

 

6

Diagnostics

Contrast agent

Radiocontrast media (X Ray);
MRI contrast agents;
Ultrasound contrast agents;

7

Digestive System

Upper digestive tract:

antacids, reflux suppressants, antiflatulents, antidopaminergics, proton pump inhibitors (PPIs),
H2-receptor antagonists, cytoprotectants, prostaglandin analogues

Lower digestive tract

Laxatives, antispasmodics, antidiarrhoeals, bile acid sequestrants, opioid

8

Ear, nose and
oropharynx

ENT

Antibiotics, sympathomimetics, antihistamines, anticholinergics, NSAIDs, corticosteroids, antiseptics,
local anesthetics, antifungals, cerumenolytic

9

Endocrine problems

 

Androgens, antiandrogens, estrogens, gonadotropin, corticosteroids, human growth hormone, insulin,
antidiabetics (sulfonylureas, biguanides/metformin, thiazolidinediones, insulin), thyroid hormones,
antithyroid drugs, calcitonin, diphosphonate, vasopressin analogues

10

Euthanasia

 

Physician-assisted suicide (not permitted by law in sevaral countries).

11

Eye

General

Adrenergic neurone blocker, astringent

Diagnostic

Topical anesthetics, sympathomimetics, parasympatholytics, mydriatics, cycloplegics

Antibacterial

Antibiotics, topical antibiotics, sulfa drugs, aminoglycosides, fluoroquinolones

Antiviral drug

 

Anti-fungal

Imidazoles, polyenes

Anti-inflammatory

NSAIDs, corticosteroids

Anti-allergy

Mast cell inhibitors

Anti-glaucoma

Adrenergic agonists, beta-blockers, carbonic anhydrase inhibitors/hyperosmotics, cholinergics, miotics,
parasympathomimetics, prostaglandin agonists/prostaglandin inhibitors. nitroglycerin

12

Immune System

 

Vaccines, immunoglobulins, immunosuppressants, interferons, monoclonal antibodies

13

Infections & infestations

 

Antibiotics, antifungals, antileprotics, antituberculous drugs, antimalarials, anthelmintics, amoebicides,
antivirals, antiprotozoals, probiotics, prebiotics, antitoxins and antivenoms.

14

Musculo-skeletal
disorders

for musculoskeletal
disorders are

 NSAIDs (including COX-2 selective inhibitors), muscle relaxants, neuromuscular drugs,
and anticholinesterases.

15

Neoplastic disorders

 

Cytotoxic drugs, therapeutic antibodies, sex hormones, aromatase inhibitors, somatostatin inhibitors,
recombinant interleukins, G-CSF, erythropoietin

16

Nutrition

 

Tonics, electrolytes and mineral preparations (including iron preparations and magnesium preparations),
parenteral nutritions, vitamins, anti-obesity drugs, anabolic drugs, haematopoietic drugs,
food product drugs

17

Obstetrics and
gynecology

 

NSAIDs, anticholinergics, haemostatic drugs, antifibrinolytics, Hormone Replacement Therapy (HRT),
bone regulators, beta-receptor agonists, follicle stimulating hormone, luteinising hormone,
LHRH gamolenic acid, gonadotropin release inhibitor, progestogen, dopamine agonists, oestrogen,
prostaglandins, gonadorelin, clomiphene, tamoxifen, Diethylstilbestrol

18

Pain

See also: Analgesic

The main classes of painkillers are NSAIDs, opioids and Local anesthetics.

19

Reproductive system or
urinary system

 

antifungal, alkalinizing agents, quinolones, antibiotics, cholinergics, anticholinergics, antispasmodics,
5-alpha reductase inhibitor, selective alpha-1 blockers, sildenafils, fertility medications

20

Respiratory system

 

Bronchodilators, antitussives, mucolytics, decongestants inhaled and systemic corticosteroids,
Beta2-adrenergic agonists, anticholinergics, Mast cell stabilizers. Leukotriene antagonists

21

Skin

 

Emollients, anti-pruritics, antifungals, antiseptics, scabicides, pediculicides, tar products,
vitamin A derivatives, vitamin D analogues, keratolytics, abrasives, systemic antibiotics,
topical antibiotics, hormones, desloughing agents, exudate absorbents, fibrinolytics, proteolytics,
sunscreens, antiperspirants, corticosteroids, immune modulators

 

* Source Wikipedia